Lesson 3- Critical thinking in physiology: Chordae tendinae, Papillary Muscles, Trabeculae and moderator band
Simple Line drawings & constructing a study page
Week 2 recap: You have practiced drawing from a grid, continuing with some exercises on controlling your pencil and shading
This week: Anatomy of the interior chambers- focus on chordae tendinae, trabeculae, & papillary muscles
There are a few main interior structures: Papillary muscles,trabeculae and valves.
This week we’re focussing on all the stringy looking structures
For each session you will be given tasks to improve three elements of your critical thinking;
- Knowledge of cardiac anatomy
Right ventricle from the front- gross anatomy
- This took a couple of hours – its like a sketch for your book-Using grids see my example in thee video
- Positioning of all those stretchy structures is tricky, and layering with pencil gives a sense of depth.
Using an HB pencil
Make lightweight preparatory sketching marks first to plot the basic dimensions, these marks can be removed later.
If you start with a lighter shade, it will disappear as you shade darker tones.
Think about the basic shapes within the subject that you are trying to portray by identifying simple geometric shapes. Take some measurements of the subject, such as height and width. Look at those negative structures.
Remember you will be starting with the lightest shades first (I started with a 3H)- so decide what that will be. If you have a reference shading panel use that to decide which pencil shade you want to use.
As you get darker , its akin to bringing the nearest structures into focus.
- You can go back using lighter shades- at the end I used an HB to differentiate the upper and lower regions
Feelings about trabecula? Describe all of this in your own words- What do they look like to you? How do these structures make you feel? Write this in your book.
2. Knowledge of anatomy
By the end of this lesson you must know :
What is the function of the trabeculae carneae?
What is the function of the moderator band?
What is the function of the papillary muscle?
What is the function of the Chordae tendinae?
Often we see images like this- but it incredibly difficult to relate what we have seen in reality to the image.
Go to next tab:
Try and identify and label the following anatomical structures correctly on YOUR drawing.
Right Ventricle from the FRONT
1.Anterior Cusp of tricuspid valve
- Ascending papillary muscle
- auricle of right atrium
6.Inferior vena cava
8.Posterior of papillary muscle
11.Moderator band OR septomarginal trabeculation
12.Septal papillary muscle
13.Superior vena cava
- Label those essential elements and in doing so find out what on earth each of them does……
In observing and drawing these structures- you need to keep asking yourself- what is the point of all that?- why is it shaped like that?
Why is it not shaped another way?
Evolution has enabled this structure to be the optimum in order to get the job done
Trabecula- if you look it up – always references the bone- and thats because its another one of those words that is not exclusive to the organ in which it is found.
Trabecula is a support or anchor to a framework of parts- actually it isn’ t really visible in your drawing- as it is at the back behind the papillary muscles. However there is an image of them in one of the tabs above.
The moderator band acts as part of the electrical conduction pathway of the heart
Papillary Muscles: prevent leakage through the AV valves during systole (Mitral and tricuspid). They contract when the myocardia contract and in doing so prevent the valves from inverting (prolapsing) during systole.
They pull on the chordae tendinae to help to open the cusps when the ventricles are relaxing and filling with blood- occurring in both right and left ventricles
The chordae tendinae maintain the position and tension on the valve leaflets at the end of systole. Connected to the fibrous heads of the papillary muscles
You should now have a complete page, tracings, and annotations with notes. Do remember to date it. When you have done so, upload a PDF or photo of your work into the forum AND email to me
Critical Thinking in Physiology: Valves
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